Andi Mangnguntungi Sudirman


Management talk is essential part for teachers in teaching and learning process. It is used to manage classroom activities, manage time and space, manage students’ behavior and encourage all students who are actively engaged in learning. Management talk here wants to figure out teachers’ management talk in gender scheme in English classroom interaction. The research aimed at finding and analyzing the management talks that female and male teacher use in the three phases of classroom interaction namely: beginning the class, running the class and ending the class. This research employed descriptive qualitative method. The participants of this research were 2 teachers and students of SMP Negeri 6 Makassar. The data were collected through the use of video camera, and then it was transcribed to be analyzed. Besides recording the participants’ interaction in the classroom, interview was also conducted to gain the relevant data. The finding indicated that there were sixteen language types of management talk used by the female teacher and there were fourteen languages types of teacher management talk used by male teacher. It was concluded that female teacher gave more response to students by used some management talk while male teacher gave limited response to students during teaching and learning process.
Key words: Management talk, Gender and Classroom interaction

Teks Lengkap:

Tidak berjudul


Auer, Peter. 1998. Code-Switching in Conversation. London. Routledge.

Batara, Arung Musa. (2013). The Effect of Teacher Talk on Students’ Interest in Classroom Activities. Unpublished Thesis: Graduate Program State University of Makassar.

Butler, J. 1990. Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of the Identity. New York: Routledge.

Canada, K and Pringle, R. (1995). The Role of Gender in College Classroom Interactions: a social context approach. Sociology of Education, 68, 161-186

Celcia-Murcia, M. 1989. Inteaction and Communication in the ESOL Classroom. In A Forum Methodology.

Chavez, M. (2000). Teacher and Student Gender and Peer Group Gender Composition in German Foreign Language Classroom Discourse. An exploratory study. Journal of Pragmatics, 32, 1019-1058.

Coates, Jennifer. 1993. Women, Men and Language: A Sociolinguistic Accout of Gender Differences in Language. New York: Longman Group UK.

Cook. 1991. Second Language Learning and Language Teaching.Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

Denzin, Norman K., Yvonna S. Lincoln (eds). 1998. Handbook of Qualitatife Research. California: Sage Publications, inc.

Doray, M.B.A. (2005). Gender Differentiated Discourse: A study of Teacher Discourse in the Adult ESL Classroom. Re-trieved March, 19, 2010 from http:// espace.library.cur-tin.edu.au /R?func= searchsimplego& ADJACENT= Y& REQUEST= adt- wcu 2006 1011.17 01750

Ellis, Rod. 2003. The Study of Second Language Acquisition. Oxford: oxford university press.

Gay, L. R. Geoffrey E. Mills, and Peter Airasian. 2006. Educational Research: Competencies for Analysis and Applications. New Jersey: Pearson Prentice Hall.

Gleason, H.A. 1961. An Introduction to Descriptive Linguistic. New York :Holt, Rinehart & Winston.

Hoffman, C. (1991). Introduction to Bilingualism. New York: Longman.

Hughes, Glin., Josephine Moate., & Tiina Raatikainen. 2007. Practical Classroom English. New York: Oxpord University Press.

Ishak, Nurjannah. 2007. The Students’ Interest and Attitude in Learning English Vocabulary Using Scrabble Ball. Unpublished Thesis, Graduate Program State University Makassar

Kumpulainen, Kristiina. 2002. Classroom Interaction and Social Learning. London. Publication Year

Liu Yanfen, Liu and Yuqin, Zhao. 2010. A Study of Teacher Talk in Interactions in English Classes. Harbin Institute of Technology.Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics (Bimonthly).

Livermore,Celia Romm. 2012. Gender and Social Computing: Interactions, Differences and Relationships. Wayne State University, USA

Mahmud, Murni. 2010. Language and Gender in English Language Teaching. TEFLIN journal, Volume 21, Number 2, August 2010.

Muhayyang, Maemuna. 2010. Lecturer and Students Talk in Classroom Interaction: A classroom Management Scheme. Unpublished Dissertation, Post Graduate Program, Hasanuddin University.

Nugroho, Riant. 2011. Gender dan strategi pengaruh Utamanya di Indonesia. Yogyakarta: PustakaPelajar.

Nunan, David. 1991. Language Teaching Methodology: A Textbook For Teachers. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Rasyid, Muhammad Amin. (2013). Method of TEFL Course. Graduate Program State University of Makassar.

Rashidi, Nasser and Naderi, Sahar. 2012. The Effect of Gender on the Patterns of Classroom Interaction. Shiraz University

Richard, J. C & Lockhart, C. 1996.Reflective Teaching in Second Language Classrooms. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press

Richards, J. C. 1992. Longman Dictionary of Language Teaching & Applied linguistics. Beijing: Foreign Language Teaching and Research Press.

Sadker, M. and Sadker, D. (1992). Ensuring equitable par-ticipation in college classes. In. Border L.L.B. &Chism N.V.N. (Ed), Teaching for Diversity: New Directions for Teaching and Learning, 49-56. Jossey-Bass, San Fransisco.

Sert, Olcay. 2010. The Functions of Code Switching in ELT Classrooms. The Internet TESL Journal.

Sharea, Sarah. 2004. The Effect of "Positive Teacher Talk" on Students' Performance, Interaction & Attitudes: A Case Study of Female Students at the College of Languages & Translation at King Saud University. Kingdom of Saudi Arabia King Saud University Deanship of Higher Studies English Department.

Siradjuddin, Suharti. 2013. The Phonological Perspective of Teacher Instructional Talk in English Classroom Interaction. Unpublished Thesis. Graduate Program State University of Makassar.

Sinclair, J. McH and Brazil, D. 1985. Teacher Talk. London: Oxford University Press.

Sultan.2010. Kajian Wacana dalam Pembelajaran Bahasa Indonesia. Makassar. UNM (UnpublishThesis)

Tharawoot, Yaowaret. 2009. Analysis of Teacher Verbal feedback in a Thai Postgraduate Classroom. Retrieved on January 12, 2012. From`http://www.btinternet.com/~ted.power/clustersindex.html

Urano, K. (1999). Teacher input and interaction: Native and Non-Native Speaker Teachers in ESL classrooms. Bulletin of the Chubu English Language Education Society, 28, 265-272

Yan, Xiao, 2006. Teacher Talk and EFL In University Classrooms. Chongqing Normal University & Yangtze Normal University, China.

Yanfen, Liu & Yuqin, Zhao, 2010. A Study of Teacher Talk in Interactions in English Classes. Chinese Journal of Applied Linguistics. Vol. 33 No. 2. Harbin Institute of Technology


  • Saat ini tidak ada refbacks.