MODEL PENGAJARAN DAN PELATIHAN STRATEGI KOGNITIF (MODEL P2SK) YANG MENGEMBANGKAN KEMAMPUAN BERPIKIR KRITIS DAN KREATIF

Nur Ida, Sriyanti Mustafa, Buhaerah Buhaerah

Sari


Model pengajaran dan pelatihan strategi kognitif ini menjadi salah satu acuan atau contoh untuk mendesain pembelajaran. Secara praktis, model ini menjadi petunjuk dalam meintegrasikan aspek-aspek berpikir kritis dan kreatif dengan materi pelajaran. Sehingga tujuan pembelajaran untuk mengembangkan keterampilan berpikir kritis dan kreatif dapat tercapai sekaligus penguasaan materi pelajaran. Upaya menintegrasikan materi pelajaran dengan aspek-aspek berpikir kritis dan kreatif dalam pembelajaran, diperlukan upaya-upaya yang sistematis, terukur, dan berkelanjutan. Atas dasar inilah model pembelajaran ini dikembangkan. Model pengajaran dan pelatihan strategi kognitif disingkat model P2SK yang mengembangkan kemampuan berpikir kritis terdiri dari beberapa komponen, yaitu: sintaks, sistem sosial, prinsip-prinsip reaksi, sistem pendukung, dan dampak instruksional dan pengiring.
Kata Kunci: Strategi kognitif, Berpikir kritis, Berpikir kreatif.

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