THE DEVELOPMENT OF HUMAN RESOURCES; A COUNTRY’S ASSET, A CORPORATION’S LIABILITY, THE FALLACY OF EQUALITY, AND THE FUTURE

seon sawkins

Abstract


This paper will discuss three issues regarding the development of human resources, using Australia and The United States of America (USA) as case examples. The first issue is that corporations and governments have incompatible views of humans as a resource. A corporation views its employees as potential and/or current liabilities and will often employ the least amount of people, at the lowest pay rate as possible. Incongruently, a government (theoretically) views its citizens as potential assets who, when working, could be taxable (plus other contributions to society). Thus, governments have attempted to create equal employment opportunities through educational outcomes. However, despite policies ensuring “No Child [is] Left Behind” inequality keeps rising. Thus, the second issue discussed in this paper is “equality” as a fallacy; in addition to the subconscious biases affecting a person’s chance of employment, there are people with physical disabilities, or those who simply do not have the intellectual prowess to compete with the brightest kids in school. The continued pretence that every citizen has equal employment opportunities has in fact “left people behind”. Which brings us to the third issue – the future; if people are already being left behind, how will the predicted automation take-over affect society? Can society transition in time? Governments need to start envisioning the future and implement appropriate policies as soon as possible. Of course, “Rome was not built in a day”. Still, Rome burnt down in less than a week; let’s hope the current world leaders are nothing like Nero.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Aerial Assemblies. (n.d.). Retrieved from Self-Assembly Lab: http://www.selfassemblylab.net/AerialAssemblies.php

Almås, I., Cappelen, A. W., Sørensen, E. Ø., & Tungodden, B. (2010, May 28). Fairness and the Development of Inequality Acceptance. Science, pp. 1176-1178.

Australian Rainfall Deficiency Analyser. (n.d.). Retrieved from Bureau of Meteorology: http://www.bom.gov.au/climate/ada/

Bershidsky, L. (2016, June 6). Swiss Rejection Won't Doom Universal Basic Income. Retrieved from Bloomberg: https://www.bloomberg.com/view/articles/2016-06-06/swiss-rejection-won-t-doom-universal-basic-income

Bertrand, M., & Mullainathan, S. (2004). Are Emily and Greg More Employable Than Lakisha and Jamal? A Field Experiment on Labor Market Discrimination. American Economic Review, 94(4), pp. 991-1013.

Branch, P. (2015, March 31). Is it possible to circumvent metadata retention and retain your privacy? Retrieved from The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/is-it-possible-to-circumvent-metadata-retention-and-retain-your-privacy-39429

Bryant, S. (2016, June 6). How can Australian agriculture attract more young farmers? Retrieved from ABC Rural: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2016-06-06/nsw-young-farmers-future/7471024

Burnsed, B. (2011, August 5). How Higher Education Affects Lifetime Salary. Retrieved from U.S. News: https://www.usnews.com/education/best-colleges/articles/2011/08/05/how-higher-education-affects-lifetime-salary

Coade, M. (2017, March 2). Elite have ‘overwhelming’ advantage in legal recruitment, data shows. Retrieved from Lawyers Weekly: http://www.lawyersweekly.com.au/news/20645-elite-have-overwhelming-advantage-in-legal-recruitment-data-shows

Cocco, F. (2016, December 3). Most US manufacturing jobs lost to technology, not trade. Retrieved from Financial Times: https://www.ft.com/content/dec677c0-b7e6-11e6-ba85-95d1533d9a62

Eardley, T., & Matheson, G. (1999, June). Australian Attitudes to Unemployment and Unemployed People. Social Policy Research Centre Discussion Paper(102). Retrieved from https://www.sprc.unsw.edu.au/media/SPRCFile/dp102.pdf

Employability Skills. (n.d.). Retrieved from Business Dictionary: http://www.businessdictionary.com/definition/employability-skills.html

English Oxford Living Dictionaries - Human Resources. (n.d.). Retrieved from English Oxford Living Dictionaries: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/definition/human_resources

Equality of Opportunity. (2002, October 8). Retrieved from Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy: https://plato.stanford.edu/entries/equal-opportunity/#LegEnfEquOpp

Ewing, K. D. (1984, January). Company Political Donations and the Ultra Vires Rule. The Modern Law Review, 47, pp. 57-75.

Feldstein, M. (1995, June). The Effect of Marginal Tax Rates on Taxable Income: A Panel Study of the 1986 Tax Reform Act. Journal of Political Economy, 103(3), pp. 551-572.

Frey, C. B., & Osborne, M. A. (2013, September). The Future of Employment: How susceptible are jobs to computerisation? Retrieved from Oxford Martin School - University of Oxford: http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/publications/view/1314

Fukuama, F. (2000). Social Capital and Civil Society. International Monetary Fund Working Paper. Retrieved from https://www.researchgate.net/profile/Francis_Fukuyama/publication/5123592_Social_Capital_and_Civil_Society/links/576bee6908aedb18f3eafa53.pdf

Glaeser, E. L. (2005, October). Inequality. Harvard University Faculty Research Working Paper Series. Retrieved from https://research.hks.harvard.edu/publications/getFile.aspx?Id=195

Goldschein, E., & Bhasin, K. (2011, November 30). 14 Surprising Ways Employees Cost Their Companies Billions In The Workplace. Retrieved from Business Insider Australia: https://www.businessinsider.com.au/surprising-costs-to-the-work-place-2011-11#lost-productivity-due-to-insomnia-costs-companies-3156-per-employee-1

Gribbin, C. (2013, May 20). Graziers shooting cattle they can't afford to feed. Retrieved from ABC Rural: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2013-05-14/cattle-shot-in-northern-australia/4688078

Griffith, E. (2016, May 3). What Is Cloud Computing? Retrieved from PC Mag: http://au.pcmag.com/networking-communications-software-products/29902/feature/what-is-cloud-computing

How is Economic Inequality Defined? (n.d.). Retrieved from The Equality Trust: https://www.equalitytrust.org.uk/how-economic-inequality-defined

Hughes, S. (2012, September 14). Report: Tax Cuts for Wealthy Linked to Income Inequality. Retrieved from The Wall Street Journal: http://blogs.wsj.com/economics/2012/09/14/report-tax-cuts-for-wealthy-linked-to-income-inequality/

Jianakoplos, N. A., & Menchik, P. L. (1997, February). Wealth Mobility. The Review of Economics and Statistics, 79(1), pp. 18-31.

Kanter, R. M. (2012, September 25). Ten Reasons People Resist Change. Retrieved from Harvard Business Review: https://hbr.org/2012/09/ten-reasons-people-resist-chang

Kenny, M. (2016, October 3). Malcolm Turnbull's rejection of a banking royal commission presents dangers for him. Retrieved from The Sydney Morning Herald: http://www.smh.com.au/federal-politics/political-opinion/malcolm-turnbulls-rejection-of-a-banking-royal-commission-presents-dangers-for-him-20161003-grtqhn.html

Krisch, J. A. (2017, March 2). Trump Signals Support for Women in STEM. Retrieved from The Scientist: http://www.the-scientist.com/?articles.view/articleNo/48690/title/Trump-Signals-Support-for-Women-in-STEM/

Lehmacher, W. (2016, November 8). Don’t Blame China For Taking U.S. Jobs. Retrieved from Fortune: http://fortune.com/2016/11/08/china-automation-jobs/

Lichbach, M. I. (1990, November). Will Rational People Rebel against Inequality? Samson's Choice. American Journal of Political Science, 34(4), pp. 1049-1076.

Liem, R., & Rayman, P. (1982, October). Health and Social Costs of Unemployment. American Psychologist, pp. 1116-1123.

Markman, A. (2012, July 27). Why Do Americans Accept Wealth Inequality? The belief in individual choice affects beliefs about wealth inequality. Retrieved from Psychology Today: https://www.psychologytoday.com/blog/ulterior-motives/201207/why-do-americans-accept-wealth-inequality

Ning, J. (2013, August 21). Money, politics and the campaign arms race: corporates outspend citizens. Retrieved from Crikey: https://www.crikey.com.au/2013/08/21/money-politics-and-the-campaign-arms-race-corporates-outspend-citizens/

Osborne, M. A. (2013, September). The Future of Employment: How Susceptible are Jobs to Computerisation? Retrieved from Oxford Martin School - University of Oxford: http://www.oxfordmartin.ox.ac.uk/downloads/academic/The_Future_of_Employment.pdf

Ployhart, R. E., & Moliterno, T. P. (2011, January). Emergence of the Human Capital Resource: A Multilevel Model. The Academy of Management Review , pp. 127-150.

Rani, M. U., & Prakash, S. (2015, May-July). A Study on Intelligence of High School Students. i-Manager's Journal on Educational Psychology, pp. 46-51.

Ridge, S. (2017, January 6). How Michelle Obama inspired a class of British schoolgirls. Retrieved from The Telegraph: http://www.telegraph.co.uk/women/politics/michelle-obama-inspired-class-british-schoolgirls/

Rubenstein, M., Cornejo, A., & Nagpal, R. (2014, August 15). Programmable self-assembly in a thousand-robot swarm. Science, pp. 795-799.

Salleh, A. (2012, August 14). Suicide in rural men linked to drought. Retrieved from ABC Science: http://www.abc.net.au/science/articles/2012/08/14/3567208.htm

Simon, C. (2017, March 27). Fake news is giving reality a run for its money. Retrieved from Harvard Gazette: http://news.harvard.edu/gazette/story/2017/03/harvard-panelists-discuss-future-of-journalism-in-fake-news-world/

Smith, K. (2014, May 10). Why this Dr. Seuss book should never again be a graduation gift. Retrieved from New York Post: http://nypost.com/2014/05/10/why-this-dr-seuss-book-should-never-again-be-a-graduation-present/

Strauss, G. (1987, January 4). The Future of Human Resources Management. Institute for Research on Labor and Employment - University of California, Berkeley. Retrieved from http://escholarship.org/uc/item/3vm5x2m4

Technology and jobs - Coming to an office near you . (2014, January 18). Retrieved from The Economist: http://www.economist.com/news/leaders/21594298-effect-todays-technology-tomorrows-jobs-will-be-immenseand-no-country-ready

The Global Risks Report 2017. (2017, January 11). Retrieved from World Economic Forum: https://www.weforum.org/reports/the-global-risks-report-2017

Tibbits, S. (2013). MIT Architecture - Project - 4D Printing. Retrieved from MIT Architecture: https://architecture.mit.edu/architecture-and-urbanism/project/4d-printing

Turnbull , M. (2016, December 6). $3.9 Million to Inspire Girls and Women to Study and Pursue Careers in Science, Technology, Engineering and Maths. Retrieved from Prime Minister of Australia: https://www.pm.gov.au/media/2016-12-06/39-million-inspire-girls-and-women-study-and-pursue-science-technology-engineering

US. (1776). Declaration of Independence. Retrieved from National Archives and Records Administration: https://www.archives.gov/founding-docs/declaration-transcript

Vidot, A., & Barbour, L. (2014, February 24). Dry argument: Australia's drought policy dilemma. Retrieved from ABC News - Rural: http://www.abc.net.au/news/2014-02-21/drought-assistance-in-australia/5269062

Wadhwa, V. (2014, April 15). Vivek Wadhwa. Retrieved from MIT Technology Review: https://www.technologyreview.com/s/526401/laws-and-ethics-cant-keep-pace-with-technology/

Whiteford, P. (2014, March 5). Income and wealth inequality: how is Australia faring? Retrieved from The Conversation: https://theconversation.com/income-and-wealth-inequality-how-is-australia-faring-23483

Wisman, J. D., & Pacitti, A. (2014, August). What the Rich Won Over the Past 35 Years and What Everyone Else Lost. Working Papers, American University, Department of Economics. Retrieved from http://www.american.edu/cas/economics/research/upload/2014-08.pdf

Yorke, M., & Thomas, L. (2003, August 3). Improving the Retention of Students from Lower Socio-economic Groups. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, pp. 63-74.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 137 times
PDF - 71 times