POVERTY OF TRADITIONAL FISHERMAN AS WELL AS THE INFLUENCE TOWARD DIRTY VILLAGE

goso goso, Suhardi M Anwar

Abstract


Indonesian nation communities were identified as poor today are fishermen, where 14.58 million people or 90 percent of the 16.2 million the number of fishermen in Indonesia are below the poverty line. In the village Pongtap are 51 heads of families working as traditional fishermen classified into poor communities. This study aimed to determine the factors that cause and forms of poverty in the traditional fishing village Pongtap, with qualitative descriptive method using primary and secondary data. Primary data is done by distributing questionnaires, interviews and observations. Secondary data is done by collecting documents related to the research topic. The presence of economic institutions such as cooperatives has not been fully able to help improve the living standards of traditional fishermen. It is characterized by lack of access to traditional fishing toward these institutions in obtaining venture capital. Coupled with their income is erratic make fishermen dependent on the owners of capital are not only limited to the needs of venture capital and means of production, even up to the cost of the needs of everyday family life. The results of the study confirm the factors that influence the cause of the traditional fishing poverty slum cities, namely: the quality factor of human resources, economic factors, and institutional factors. Forms of poverty in urban slum communities are the natural and cultural Palopo.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Bengen. D.G. (2001). Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Wilayah Pesisir Secara Terpadu, Berkelanjutan, dan Berbasis Masyarakat. Makalah pada Sosialisasi Pengelolaan Sumberdaya Berbabsis Masyarakat. Bogor, 21-22 September 2001.

Friedmann, Jhon. (1992). Empowerment: The Polictics Alternative Development. Chambridge, Blackwell.

-------------. (1995). Ekonomi dan Keadilan Sosial. Aditya Media. Yogyakarta.

Purwanti, P. (1994). Curahan Waktu dan Produktivitas Kerja Nelayan di Kabupaten Pasuruan. Program Pascasarjana. Universitas Gajah Mada. Yogyakarta. Tesis. Tidak dipublikasikan.

Rahardja, Pratama. dkk. (2008). Pengantar Ilmu Ekonomi (Mikroekonomi & Makroekonomi). Lembaga Penerbit Fakultas Ekonomi Universitas Indonesia. Jakarta.

Satria, Arif. (2001). Dinamika Modernisasi Perikanan: Formasi Sosial dan Mobilitas Nelayan. HUP. Bandung.

Sigit, H. (1993). Masalah Perhitungan Distribusi Pendapatan di Indonesia. Prisma.. LP3ES. Jakarta.

Salim, E. (1984). Perencanaan Pembangunan dan Pemerataan Pendapatan. Yayasan Idayu. Jakarta.

Situmorang, Chazali. (2008). Penanganan Masalah Kemiskinan di Sumatra Utara (Poverty Reduction at North Sumatera). Jurnal pembangunan.

Soedjatmoko. (1995). Dimesi Manusia dalam Pembangunan. Dalam Bahtiar Chamsyah: Teologi Penanggulangan Kemiskinan. LP3ES. Jakarta.

Sudarso. (2008). Tekanan Kemiskinan Structural Komunitas Nelayan Tradisional di Perkotaan. Jurnal Ekonomi. FISIP. Universitas Airlangga. Surabaya.

Sudrajad, Iwan. (2008) Membangkit Kekuatan Ekonomi Nelayan. Jurnal ekonomi. Ekonomi UNDIP. Semarang. Jawa tengah.

Supradin dan Rahmania, Rohana. (2007). Kajian Kemiskinan Partisipatif Kota Kendari, Kota Bau-Bau, Kabupaten Konawe, Kabupaten Buton Provinsi Sulawesi Tenggara. Jurnal Pembangunan.

Surya, alwin. (2009). Studi deskriptif Potret dan Kehidupan Keluarga Nelayan Tradisional Medan Labuhan. Jurnal Sain, Teknologi, Kesehatan, Social, Ekonomi & Informatika. Volume 2, Nomor 1, Februari 2009. Media Prima Sain 2009.

Suryawaty, Chriswardani. (2005). Memahami Kemiskinan Secara Multidimensional, Fakultas Kesehatan Masyarakat dan Magister Ilmu Kesehatan Masyarakat Jurnal Pembangunan. Universitas Diponegoro. Semarang. Jawa tengah.

Tadaro, Michel. P. (2000). Pembangunan Ekonomi. Bumi Aksara.

Tarigan, Robinson. (2007). Ekonomi Regional, Teori dan Aplikasi. Bumi Aksara.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 126 times
PDF - 70 times