IDENTIFICATION OF SECONDARY METABOLISM COMPOUNDS FROM THE SEPTUM OF DURIAN (DURIO ZIBETHINUS)

ilmiati illing, Nururrahmah Hammado, Yusiranna Yusiranna

Abstract


Societies generally utilize durian rind as drugs based on their knowledge from generation to generation. However, the utilization of durian rind as traditional medicine has not furnished scientifically convincing data regarding the content of active compounds that make efficacious drugs. Durian rind in order to use as a traditional medicine accountable, then the necessary scientific research in the form of identification of secondary metabolites contained therein. The method used in this research was extraction maceration method. A total of 50 grams of powder share durian rind soaked with 96% ethanol was performed for 3 days. Furthermore, the identification of secondary metabolites were done by Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectroscopy (GC-MS) Agilent 7890A-5975C. Secondary metabolites which identified from extracts of durian rind showed that compound 1-butyl (dimethyl) silane with high peak silyloxypropane 5961, hexadecanoic acid with high peak 17 363, 1- (1-methylene-2-propenyl) cyclopentanol with high peak 7958, 9 -octadecenoic acid with high peak 11 437, 1, 2-benzenedicarboxylic acid with a high peak 13765, 2-ethylacridine ciclotrisiloxane with high peak 13318, and beta-sitosterol with high peak 56534. Compounds secondary metabolites were identified beta-sitosterol steroids that have the highest peak with 91 qualities.

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