Comprehending Narrative Text: The Effectiveness of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC)

Miftah Fariduddin, Firman Parlindungan

Abstract


The objective of this study was to investigate whether there was significant difference on the students’ reading comprehension of narrative text between those who were taught through Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) method and those who were not. 49 students were selected as the sample and quasi-experimental, non-randomized pre-test and post-test design were employed. The analysis of covariance showed that the students who were taught by using CIRC method statistically outperformed those who were not on their reading comprehension of narrative text, F (1, 48) = 13.56, p < .05). This result implies that CIRC is an effective method to teach reading comprehension, particularly on narrative text. Since this study only focused on narrative text, future researchers might be interested to seek the effect of CIRC on other genres of text. Similar study though may be conducted with a randomized design of larger population.

Keywords


Reading comprehension; CIRC; Narrative Text

Full Text:

PDF

References


Ary, D., Jacobs, L.C., & Razavieh, A. (1979). Introduction to research in Education (2nd Edition). DC: Library of Congress Cataloging in Publication Data.

Clay, M. (2001). Change over time in children’s literacy development. Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann.

Darmayanti, D. (2014). The implementation of cooperative integrated reading and composition (CIRC) method in teaching narrative text to improve students’ reading comprehension at the eleventh grade students of MAN 2 Model Makassar. Ethical Lingua, 1(2), 111-123.

Durukan, E. (2011). Effects of Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC) Technique On Reading-Writing Skills. Department of Turkish Education, Faculty of Fatih Education, Black Sea Technical University, Turkey. Educational Research and Reviews Academic Journals 6(1), 102-109.

Kintsch, W. (2013). Revisiting the construction-integration model of text comprehension and its implications for instruction. In D. E. Alvermann, N. J. Unrau, & R. B. Ruddell (Eds.), Theoretical models and processes of reading (6th ed., pp. 807-839). Newark, DE: International Reading Association.

Pearson, P.D., & Fielding, L. (1991). Comprehension instruction. In Barr, R., Kamil, M., Mosenthal, P, & Pearson, P. D. (Eds.), Handbook of reading research, Volume II, (pp. 815-860). NY: Longman Publishing Group.

Samlan. (2010). Improving reading Comprehension skill of grade XII Students at SMAN 3 Lamongan through Cooperative Integrated Reading and Composition (CIRC), (Unpublished thesis), Islamic University of Malang, Malang

Slavin, R. E. (1988). Technical proposal. Center for research on the education of disadvantage students. Baltimore, MD: The John Hopkins University.

Slavin, R. E. (2011). Co-operative learning: what makes groupwork work?. Johns Hopkins University and University of York.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.30605/ethicallingua.v5i2.716

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 106 times
PDF - 31 times



Copyright (c) 2018 Miftah Fariduddin, Firman Parlindungan

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2540-9190 (Online) * ISSN 2355-3448 (Print)