How to Write an English Research Introduction?

Warsidi Warsidi


This study is librarian analysis which collects the data from books and journal articles. Those articles and books chapters discuss about introductions in terms of their generic structures. The data collections were applied by reading, taking notes for their generic structures, and analyzing them in term of their generic structure models. Then, the data were reported using qualitative approach by describing their patterns. The results showed that there two big categories for their models, involving pattern models and free models. Pattern models dominated in this study because they have been applied seven experts, while free models have been applied by only two people. Therefore, this study suggests that if the journal, which you direct to publish your articles, doesn’t have pattern, you are recommended to apply the patterns as the following: CARS model from Swales, IPS model from Adnan (2011), Slatcher & Pennebaker, and Ball & Vincent.


research article; research introduction; library analysis

Full Text:



Adnan, Z. (2011). Ideal-Problem-Solution (IPS) Model: Discourse Model of Research Article Introductions (RAIs) in Education. (71-103).

Al-Qahtani, A. (2006). A Contrastive Rhetoric Study of Arabic and English Research Article Introductions. Submitted to the Oklahoma State University.

Hartley, J. (2008). Academic Writing & Publishing. A Practical Handbooks. NY: Routledge

Jalilifar, A. (2010). Research Article Introductions: Sub-disciplinary Variations in Applied Linguistics. The Journal of Teaching Language Skills, 2(2), Page 30-55

Jogthong, C. (2001). Research Article Introductions in Thai: Genre Analysis of Academic Writing. Research for doctoral program. Morgontown, Virginia.

Kalandadze, M. (2007). English academic writing. Tbilisi, 0108, 10 T. Chovelidze Street. Central European University, Budapest

Pasongli, N. (2016). The Cultural Analysis of Ma’pasilaga Tedong in Rambu’ Solo Ceremony in Tana Toraja Regency. Skripsi. Universitas Islam Makassar

Tulu, I.T. (2009). Research Methods, Guidelines and Formats. Adama University. Adama, Ethiopia.

Van De Weghe, R. (2007). Research Matters. English Journal, 97(1). pp. 101-104.

Warsidi. (2013). A Collaboration of Mind Mapping and Organizational Pattern to Improve Students’ Essay Writing Ability.

Woods, P. (1999). Successful writing for qualitative researchers. London & New York: Routledge.



  • There are currently no refbacks.

Article Metrics

Abstract view : 76 times
PDF - 102 times

Copyright (c) 2017 Warsidi Warsidi

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.

ISSN 2540-9190 (Online) * ISSN 2355-3448 (Print)